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Board of Consultants

From left, Dr. Smart, Dr. Fiorata, Dr. Hendron, Dr. Galloway, Dr. Harder

The Board of Consultants is an independent group of world-renowned experts in the fields of dam safety and related engineering topics. Periodically, the Board convenes to critically review data, technical investigations and proposed solutions to various issues. Among the topics the Board has discussed are:

  • Dam safety
  • Channel maintenance
  • Underseepage
  • Low dams
  • River corridor
  • Seismic conditions
  • Maintenance programs
  • Building restrictions
  • Relief wells
  • Gate and valve structures
  • Groundwater and water resources


Current Board of Consultants members are:

Dr. Alfred J. Hendron, Jr.
Retired Professor of Civil Engineering
University of Illinois

Dr. Alfred Hendron is a retired Professor of Geotechnical Engineering at the University of Illinois. He has served as a dam safety consultant and on many review boards and consulting boards, including serving as Chair of the Independent Panel of Consultants retained by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to investigate the failure of the Taum Sauk embankment in Missouri.

Dr. Hendron joined the Board of Consultants in 1996 and has served on the 1996, 1999, 2010 and 2014 MCD Boards of Consultants. He has worked directly with MCD staff to review and provide guidance on the design and construction of the relief wells, toe drains, weighted toe berms, crest cut-off walls, and proposed foundation grouting projects constructed for the Dam Safety Initiative. Dr. Hendron is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

Dr. Anthony E. Fiorato
Executive Director of the Slag Cement Association

Dr. Anthony E. Fiorato of Fishcreek, WI, provides consulting services on engineering properties and durability of concrete; on design, construction, performance characteristics, and rehabilitation of concrete structures; and on codes and standards for concrete. He is an active contributor to development of the American Concrete Institute (ACI) building code, and ASTM International materials and testing standards for concrete.

As part of his consulting practice he previously served as Executive Director of the Slag Cement Association. He previously served as President and CEO of CTLGroup, an engineering, testing, and research firm; and Vice President of Research and Technical Services for the Portland Cement Association. He is a fellow and past president of the American Concrete Institute, and a fellow and past Chairman of the Board of ASTM International. Dr. Fiorato is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has served on two MCD Boards of Consultants in 2010 and 2014.


Dr. Gerald Galloway

Glen L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering
Affiliate Professor, University of Maryland

Dr. Gerald Galloway is a Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and an Affiliate Professor, School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, where his focus is on water resources policy and management. He is also a Visiting Scholar at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Institute for Water Resources.

Dr. Galloway is a retired Brigadier General from the United States Army, where he served in numerous positions including Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers District in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Professor and Dean of the Academic Board (Chief Academic Officer) of the U.S. Military Academy, West Point. Dr. Galloway has served on numerous committees, boards and national academies, including an expert panel assessing flooding in the California Central Valley; leader of an Interagency Task Force in preparing a report for FEMA, The National Levee Challenge: Levees and the FEMA Flood Map Modernization Initiative; and a member of a special working group that produced A New Framework for Planning the Future of Coastal Louisiana after the Hurricanes of 2005. Dr. Galloway is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has served on two MCD Boards of Consultants in 2010 and 2014.

Dr. Leslie Harder

Senior Water Resources Technical Advisor and
Senior Professional Associate with HDR, Inc.

Dr. Leslie F. Harder is a Senior Water Resources Technical Advisor and Senior Professional Associate with HDR, Inc., in Folsom California. Dr. Harder served as Division Chief for both the Division of Flood Management and the Division of Engineering for the California Department of Water Resources, and later served as Deputy Director for Public Safety. He has participated on numerous boards and committees addressing earthquakes, seepage design and emergency response to flooding.

Dr. Harder served on the Sacramento District 2003 Levee Seepage Task Force, the National Science Foundation team that investigated the performance of the New Orleans levees following Hurricane Katrina, reconnaissance investigations of the performance of levees following the 2008 Midwest flooding and Hurricane Gustav events, and as a member of the National Committee on Levee Safety. He has served on two MCD Boards of Consultants in 2010 and 2014.

Dr. John Smart
Independent Dam Safety Consultant

Part-time Consultant to URS, Denver, CO

Dr. John Smart is an independent dam safety consultant and part-time consultant to URS Corporation in Denver Colorado. Dr. Smart has held a variety of dam safety positions with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, private consulting firms, and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. At the Bureau of Reclamation, he served as Chief of the Embankment Dams Section, Chief of the Civil Engineering Division, and Reclamation Dam Safety Officer, where he developed the guidelines for dam safety decision making and the use of risk-based program management. Dr. Smart has served as a consultant and on review boards for many dams in the United States and in Asia, Australia, and South America. He has served on two MCD Boards of Consultants in 2010 and 2014.